Top Eight Behavior Driven Development Tools and Frameworks
Behavior driven development is a development method which evolved from the Test-driven development process. Behavior Driven development is mostly about technical insight and business knowledge.
It is achieved mainly with the use of domain specific language. This means it uses natural English language constructs to define outcomes of said behavior.
Here are some Behavior Driven Development Tools:
• Probably the most important feature of Cucumber is its cost. It is free to use.
• Cucumber helps in writing tests which are easy to understand by anyone irrespective of the Technical knowledge they possess.
• The stakeholders, Business Owners, Testers, and Developers work on the problem statement to derive the best behavior set.
• The behavior sets are then changed into Acceptance Test conditions using Cucumber.
• Cucumber as a tool maintains both the requirement statement and the Test conditions in the same place.
• The tracking of the implementation is easy using Cucumber.
• The behavior set that is implemented and working is displayed as working in Cucumber. The ones that are not are displayed accordingly.
• Cucumber typically uses Ruby as its programming language. However, other languages such as JAVA, Groovy, etc. can also be used.
• Both the Testing team and development team are involved in writing/developing test conditions.
• Just like Selenium, Cucumber is restricted only for Web-based automation.
• To use Cucumber, IDE, Ansicon, Watir, RSpec should be installed. We have already discussed that Cucumber uses Ruby as the programming language. Ruby and Ruby development Kit should also be installed.
Further details on Cucumber can be found here.
• EasyB is a framework which uses stories as the verification units.
• EasyB is mostly written with Groovy and is compatible to work with Java or Groovy languages.
• EasyB can be used to generate user stories, declare the specifications, etc.
• As EasyB uses Groovy script, the specifications can be written more in English rather than in Programmer-centric statements. Thus, EasyB satisfies the BDD model.
• Once a specification is entered, it is called as a Pending specification. These are added to a system once implemented in the system.
• EasyB comes in handy in Unit testing, if developers opt to go for it.
• This also supports JDBC connection and comes handy with external plug-ins [JAR files] as well, which expands the operation.
• There is no IDE integration for EasyB.
• EasyB also provides a reporting tool which comes in handy to get the data in the form of XML and HTML.
For more details check here.
• JDave driven development framework.
• JDave runs on top of JUnit and that means that it can run easily in the Eclipse.
• This integrates with JMOCK2 and Hamcrest as the Mocking framework and the matching library respectively.
• JDave is a specification engine and each scenario shows the behavior of a class unlike a story runner framework like Cucumber.
• JDave is quite easy to learn and the specifications written are complete in their own way.
• However, when BDD is taken into account, JDave becomes a slightly more developer-oriented framework.
Further details can be found here.
• This is one of the most powerful tools to write acceptance test automation scripts in JAVA based projects.
• Concordion integrates with the JUnit framework and hence can be used with usual JAVA IDEs such as Eclipse, Netbeans, etc.
• Concordion too helps in writing specifications. But, here the specifications are written in HTML.
• The acceptance tests are written in fixture code which is nothing but JAVA language.
• Concordion provides external APIs to enhance the functionalities. An example of this is Excel support. With this, specifications can be written in excel sheets and can be used from there. In a similar way, there are APIs to support capturing logs, takings screenshots, etc.
• As the specifications are written in HTML, specification documents can be hyperlinked to the HTML.
• Concordion is pure JAVA based framework which has some really nice looking report generations support.
• However, this doesn’t have support for TestNG and the business analyst needs to have knowledge of HTML to write specifications.
For more details check here.
• Jbehave is a Behavior driven development tool for JAVA. This is an Open source framework created by Dan North in the year 2003.
• This has two components, namely Jbehave Web and Jbehave Main.
• This is a pure Java based implementation and has IDE support.
• Stories are text based in this tool.
• This has a reporting feature and the reports can be generated in XML, HTML, or in Text mode.
• Jbehave can integrate to Selenium easily for running test scripts on Web applications.
• Because it is a JAVA based framework, it can be run on IDEs such as Eclipse, Netbeans, etc.
More details on Jbehave can be found here.
• Fitnesse is an Open source automation framework based on Framework for Integrated Test [FIT] by Ward Cunningham.
• Fitnesse helps in automating acceptance testing while integrating on a Business level.
• This is written in JAVA and is bundled as a JAR file. The executable JAR file comprises of elements such as a Web server, testing engines [FIT or SLIM], wiki engine, etc.
• FIT and SLIM are two test systems that are part of Fitnesse. FIT is the older sibling and obsolete now. There is no further development happening related to FIT. SLIM, on the other hand, is the lightweight version of the FIT test system.
More details on Fitnesse can be found here.
• BeanSpec is a simple tool which handles complex specifications in it.
• This is written in Java and hence can be handled from IDEs such as Eclipse and Netbeans.
• This has its own internal report and this can be generated at the end of execution.
Further details can be found here.
• This is called as Cucumber for.NET. Specflow is similar to Cucumber in many aspects. In fact, this was developed by getting inspiration from the Cucumber.
• Specflow uses Gherkin formatted English text to describe user stories.
• Because it is .Net based, SpecFlow integrates with Visual Studio. However, Specflow can also be used from the Command line.
• To run Specflow on the system, two things are necessary: one is IDE Integration and the other is Visual Studio.
• Specflow is Open source and even though it is inspired from the Cucumber, it has some advantages over Cucumber. With Visual Studio coming into the picture, a user gets their hands on the VS Debugger which is useful in terms of adding breakpoints on Given/When/Then lines in the statements.
• Some of us really prefer Visual Studio over the Eclipse. This is not because of the usability, but because of the name. As simple as that!
• Specflow + Runner helps in generating reports for the test runs.
• Specflow + Runner also brings some of the cutting edge features into Specflow such as Auto-deployment configuration, Parallel execution of tests, intelligent execution where the failed tests are executed first, etc.
Further details on Specflow can be found here.
So, these are few of the top Behavior driven development tools that we thought are best in the market right now.